Autonomy, Labour and Integration in Alto Adige/Süd Tirol (ALIAS) (2011-2013)
Like many other regions in Europe, the Autonomous Province of Bozen/Bolzano has seen a significant increase in migration since the mid-1980s. The dynamics of migration in this province are, however, unique, as “old” local minorities are living alongside minorities who have only recently arrived. Integration processes for the new minorities must be seen in this specific context.
The project ALIAS explored migration and integration policies in similar contexts where old and new minorities co-exist, in particular Catalonia. It examined whether autonomous territories take a different approach to integration policies compared to national or local institutions in non-autonomous regions. It also sought to find ways to ensure the inclusion of migrants without impeding the protection and reinvigoration of local minority languages. Finally, the project sought to understand what additional immigration policies or competences should be decentralized to the local level in South Tyrol to ensure both the inclusion of migrants and the protection of local historical minorities.
Knowledge-sharing with Catalonia, an autonomous region with long experience with migration policies, is strategic and essential and yields significant good practice examples in the fields of migration and integration, as well as suggestions for the creation of policies and action plans. To this end, the Institute of Minority Rights of the European Academy of Bozen/Bolzano has partnered with the Catalonian NGO CIEMEN (Centre Internacional Escarré per a les minories ètniques i les nacions) to launch the project ALIAS (Autonomia, Lavoro e Integrazione in Alto Adige/Süd Tirol - 2011-2013), co-financed by the European Social Fund (EFS).
Politiche Migratorie e Autonomie Territoriali. Nuove Minoranze, Identità e Cittadinanza in Alto Adige e Catalogna / Migrationspolitik und Territoriale Autonomie. Neue Minderheiten, Identität und Staatsbürgerschaft in Südtirol und Katalonien. Edited by Roberta Medda-Windischer and Andrea Carlà.
"Old and new minorities: migration politics in South Tyrol" by Andrea Carlà
"Two decades of immigration policies in Catalonia (1993-2013). In search of a public philosophy" by Vicent Climent-Ferrando