The Perception of Globalisation: From Inequalities to Trumpism
What is the current state of globalisation, and where will the international order evolve to? Center for Advanced Studies Co-Head Roland Benedikter discusses the topic in PhD-Lectures for La Sapienza University Rome, the Willy Brandt Centre of Wroclaw University, European and Western governments and the civil society. The thesis is that globalisation has developed asymmetries to the disadvantage of exactly those open societies which have fostered and structured it, but are now increasingly getting under pressure by rising non-democratic and non-open models which prove to be similarly efficient and are not interested any longer to follow the international order developed by Europe as civil and the U.S. as military power. The result of a rising multipolar global order is that open societies are increasingly penetrated by closed societies without having the chance to penetrate back. In order to safeguard the open society model in a world where democracy is becoming a minority model and is questioned by its own citizens, a reform of globalisation, the international order, global bodies and European and Western systemic traits will be unavoidable. Historical symptomatologies such as the election of Donald Trump to 45th U.S. president on 9 November 2016 and Brexit on 23 June 2016 point in the direction of a "retreat of democracy" and a crisis of the liberal order co-triggered by Western and European one-way cosmopolitanism which only a reform of current mechanisms will be able to sustainably fix.
Here you can download the presentation of Roland Benedikter: