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Austria - Agralp: Development of agricultural structures in the Alps

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Livestock

A particularly high livestock density can be found on the Alpine fringes and along the large Alpine valleys (Inntal, Salzachtal, Ennstal, Murtal and Drautal). The municipalities in which a density of more than five livestock units was registered partly house large pig and cattle fattening operations. A particularly large high density can be found in the areas around Klagenfurt and around Gleisdorf in the Graz basin as well as around Güssing in the Burgenland.


 

The following tables illustrate the development of livestock units between 1980 and 2000. As a general rule, livestock units tend to decline both across the Alps and across Austria. The decline in livestock is mainly based on a marked decline in the pig population, which was considerable both in the Austrian mountain region (40.0%) and the entire Convention area (36.2%). In contrast, the cattle population remained relatively stable in the Austrian mountain region, declining by 5.9% and leading the total decline in livestock to level off at 11.1% (across the Alps: -17.2%).


Comparison of livestock in the Convention areas  ​ ​ ​
  Total Convention area
1
Austrian Convention area
2/1
(%) 
Livestock units, 1980 4,175,1581,210,981 29.0 
Livestock units, 2000 3,457,084 1,076,656 31.1 
Livestock units, 1980-2000 -17.2 -11.1  


Although the Austrian Alpine Convention area accounts for half of the utilised agricultural area and 80% of the total grassland of the entire country, it houses only a third (36.2%) of all livestock units. Both the Austrian Convention area (11.1%) and Austria as a whole (11.6%) registered a similarly marked decline in livestock units. However, these results are based on different developments with regard to the type of livestock: While the pig population declined markedly (40.0%) and the cattle population remained relatively stable (5.9%) in the mountain regions, the cattle population declined more markedly (14.4%) than the pig population (9.6%) across Austria.


​Livestock in Austria and the Austrian Convention area  ​ ​ ​
  Austria
1
Austrian Convention  area
2
2/1
(%) 
Livestock units, 1980 3,344,155 1,210,981 36.2 
Livestock units, 2000 2,955,665 1,076,656 36.4 
Livestock units, 1980-2000 -11.6 -11.1   --- 



Below you find relevant maps available for download in PDF format 

Livestock density:  1980 (678 KB); 1990 (679 KB); 2000 (682 KB)
Development of livestock in absolute terms:  1980-2000 (722 KB); 1990-2000 (730 KB)



​​​<- back to Agralp​ | Overview | Farm structure​ | Land use | Livestock​ | Population​​


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