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Austria - Agralp: Development of agricultural structures in the Alps

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Population development

The population grows in the Austrian Convention area. Geographically, these increases can be easily identified (see map). The most marked increase was registered in the regions surrounding the federal state capitals (>+15%) on the one hand and the main tourist locations between Vorarlberg and Salzburg on the other. 

Even though the population increased since 1980, some distinct migration areas prevail. Especially the regions formerly characterised by heavy industry have been suffering from continuous migration since the 1970s, the first among them is Styria, which has been affected markedly by migration in the Mur-Mürz and the Palten-Liesing valleys, and the region around the large coal pits of Fohnsdorf and Köflach. This tendency towards migration is also visible in the north of Carinthia around the former mining businesses between Radenthein and Hüttenberg. 

The closure of the mining, coal and heavy-industry companies took away any opportunity for farmers to earn a supplementary income. These migration regions, which are economically impoverished, correlate significantly with agricultural abandonment regions.


 
Population development between 1980 and 2000

With 3,255,201 inhabitants, the Austrian Convention area accounts for approximately 40% of all Austrian citizens (8,131,111 inhabitants, July 2000) and 24% of the entire Alpine population. Even though the Austrian part of the Alps is home to one out of four inhabitants of the Alpine Convention, the region only has a population density of 59.6 inhabitants per km² and is thus as sparsely populated as the depopulated French Alps. This population density still ranges around 16.6% below the average in the entire Alpine Convention area and even around 38.5% below that of Austria as a whole. 
While the aggregate population across the Alps and Austria as well as in the Austrian Convention area increased by around 8% since 1980, the population in the Austrian Convention area tended to grow more markedly (8.1%) than in the Austrian regions outside the Alps (7.2%) (see diagram).  


The total Alpine versus the Austrian Convention area (km²), 2000  ​ ​
  Total Convention area Austrian Conventio area 
Inhabitants 13,630,5773,225,201 
Inhabitants/km² 71.5 59.6 
Population development, 
1980-2000 
8.2 8.1 



​Austria versus the Austrian Convention area, 2000 ​ ​
  Austria  Austrian Convention area 
Inhabitants 8,131,1113,225,201 
Inhabitants/km² 96.9 59.6 
Population development,
 1980-2000 
7.6 8.1 


 
 Develpment of the Austrian popu​lation in and
outside the Alps between 1980 and 2000



Below you find relevant maps available for download in PDF format

Population per municipality: 1980 (734 KB); 1990 (742 KB); 2000 (741 KB)
Population density per km² by decade  1980 (710 KB); 1990 (726 KB); 2000 (724 KB)
Population development: 1980-2000 (670 KB); 1990-2000 (673 KB)


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