Roma, Sinti and Travellers and International Legal Instruments
research investigates international and European law on minority
protection of Roma, Sinti and Travellers, focusing on the question
whether it is possible to develop a defensible model for minority
integration encompassing old and new minority groups that reconciles
unity and diversity. This approach is particularly useful to address the
issues related to the integration of Roma: while many of them are ‘new
minorities’ who migrated to the country in which they reside, others are
considered ‘old’ minorities by many European countries.
focus of this research is the European Court of Human Rights and its
case-law on Roma rights, in particular the relationship between Romani
mobility and respect for their traditional lifestyle and cultural
identity, education and the so-called ´special` schools as well as
housing and positive actions and whether from the Strasbourg case-law we
can derive social policy prescriptions that can be imposed on member
states with special reference to the Roma minority.
aspect in this research is to look at the Roma communities from the
perspective of the CoE Framework Convention for the Protection of
National Minorities (FCNM): How the FCNM finds application among its
Contracting States towards the Roma? What is the status and minority
rights recognized to the Roma communities by Members States of the FCNM
? What is the impact of the FCNM, in particular of the opinions of the
Advisory Committee of the Framework Convention (ACFC), the supervisory
organ of the FCNM, on the protection of Roma ? Is it possible to
identify positive trends in the implementation of the FCNM vis-á-vis
A further aspect is linked to the analysis of the risks
behind certain policies aimed at the protection of groups’ identity and
diversity, namely the ‘culturalisation` of minorities’ problems and
claims and the illiberal practices within minority groups, including the
Roberta Medda-Windischer (Senior Researcher), firstname.lastname@example.org
Medda-Windischer, R., Housing
Rights and the Inclusion of Roma and Travellers: Towards Positive
Action Measures from the Rulings of the European Court of Human Rights?, in J. Vrielink and D. Cuypers, “Equality is not Enough” (Intersentia, Antwerp, 2016).
R., The Roma and the Framework Convention for the Protection of
National Minorities : a Tool to Disentangle the Dichotomy between a
Socially Disadvantaged Group and a National Minority, Journal of the Institute for European Studies (IES), Bruxelles, Fall 2012.
Medda-Windischer, R., La "question Rom" dans la perspective des droits des minorités, in 46 Ètudes Tsiganes, 2012, 154‐171.
R., The Roma: A Socially Disadvantaged Group or a National Minority ? :
Unravelling the Dichotomy through the Framework Convention for the
Protection of National Minorities, in European Yearbook of Minority Issues, Vol. 10, 2010/11 (http://www.brill.com/publications/european-yearbook-minority-issues).
R., Dismantling Segregating Education and the European Court of Human
Rights. D.H. and Others vs. Czech Republic: Towards an Inclusive
Education?, in European Yearbook on Minority Issues, 2007/08, Vol. 7 (http://www.brill.com/publications/european-yearbook-minority-issues).