LISI - Legal Indicators for Social Inclusion of New Minorities Generated by Immigration (2003)
In recent decades, most member states of the European Union have experienced a marked increase in the number of foreign nationals residing in their territory. This situation poses several challenges for governments and public authorities across Europe, who must integrate foreign residents into the local communities. Indeed, effective integration policies are crucial in the fight against discrimination and racism, and for achieving social and economic cohesion.
Recognizing the importance of social inclusion in Europe today, the LISI project developed common legal indicators, applicable throughout the EU, for measuring the social inclusion of migrants. As the project emphasized social inclusion, the indicators were meant to reflect accessibility rather than obstacles to inclusion. In this sense, the LISI indicators reflect a normative judgment about what constitutes social inclusion; moreover, the indicators can be used as benchmarks by which to measure the progress a country is making on integrating Third Country Nationals into their society.
During the project a series of documents have been prepared on the conditions and processes leading to social exclusion of TCNs and on the common issues and best practices in preventing and combating social exclusion from the three examined areas (South Tyrol, Styria and London). Particular attention was paid to the differences existing in the legal systems and regulatory framework of those areas that contribute to maximise the potential EU-wide applicability of the Lisi indicators.
The research has been conducted through an integrated and multidimensional approach and has taken into consideration various aspects of the social exclusion experienced by the target group. The Lisi partners have worked in close cooperation with local authorities as well as representatives of the target groups, ngos active in the fight against social exclusion, experts and other civil actors engaged in addressing problems centered around social exclusion of the new minorities.
The LISI Project has received funding from the European Commission.