Revolutionizing Governance and Management: Empowering Creative Design in a Future-Ready World
An international workshop to explore design approaches for promoting future-oriented, sustainable developments and possibilities and to use them in a constructive, empowering and transformative sense.
Who do we design for? Are we designing for our better selves? How to transform frustration into positive energy through design? How to make future visions tangible? These are just some of the many questions raised at the conference "Fit for the Future with Design - How Governance and Management Can Benefit from Creative Approaches", jointly organised by the Free University of Bolzano and Eurac Research, which took place on March 10th and 11th, 2023, in Bolzano.
The conference, co-chaired by Andreas Metzner-Szigeth (unibz) and Harald Pechlaner (Eurac Research), aimed to explore how design can contribute to shaping a sustainable and desirable future, particularly by improving the performance of governance and management. It also emphasized the importance of creative and interdisciplinary approaches for addressing complex challenges and for creating a more equitable future.
Therefore, the conference was not only aimed at a professional audience but was explicitly intended for interested parties from all disciplines and sectors. The discussion topics ranged from design research, over shaping the balance of power in institutions and supporting decision-making procedures by advanced techniques, to experimental participation strategies.
How to improve problem-solving and decision-making procedures?
In the welcoming address, Roberta Bottarin (Vice-Director of Eurac Research) and Günther Mathà (Managing Director of unibz) opened the conference by emphasizing the practical importance of design in scientific research and developing effective problem-solving procedures in socio-economic contexts. The need to prioritize intrinsic motivation in any collaborative work and all kinds of organizations was highlighted, and the importance of interdisciplinary approaches illustrated.
In his general introduction, Andreas Metzner-Szigeth (Professor in Sociology of Culture and Communication at unibz) framed the three main topics of the workshop - design, governance, and management – as different forms of professional practice which could benefit from one another since they are complementary. He discussed four essential qualities to consider when solving problems in the framework of sustainable development: social cohesion, ecological integrity, economic performance, and liberal self-determination. Drawing attention to the interdependence of different transformation techniques, he underscored the crucial notion that "we either succeed together as a team, or we fail."
The need for human centred design in public administration
In her keynote, Sabine Junginger (University of Applied Sciences, Luzern) focused on using design approaches in government today and in the future. During her presentation, she emphasized the potential of design approaches in driving future-oriented governance and management practices while contributing to the development of sustainable public services that nurture trust in government, social cohesion, and social justice. She delved into the challenges faced by governments when implementing digital transformation, particularly in light of an aging workforce and the imperative to achieve more with limited resources. Furthermore, she underscored the transformative power of human-centered design in reshaping future public services. By prioritizing the needs of individuals, reimagining services, transforming organizational structures, and informing policies, human-centered design has the capacity to revolutionize public services for the better.
Joe Ravetz from the University of Manchester took the stage to explore the captivating realm of visual imagineering during his presentation. He introduced three key concepts: visual imagineering, multiple knowledge, and collective intelligence. Ravetz shed light on how individuals engage in serious games to comprehend and address global challenges, including climate change. Ravetz also introduced "The New Pretzel Theory", which pertains to seemingly daunting problems that appear difficult or nearly impossible to solve. Ravetz emphasized the potential for collaborative efforts to discover viable pathways known as climate-wise pathways, where people work together to uncover potential solutions. He highlighted the co-evolution process as a series of steps that progressively improve and ultimately lead to dream-like functional pathways.
At the start of Ingrid Kofler's (unibz) presentation on social participation and transformation within Real-World Laboratories, a thought-provoking statement adorned the wall:“Only change is constant”. She underlined the importance of bringing together stakeholders to co-create solutions for complex societal challenges. Kofler discussed how Real-World Laboratories could facilitate this process by providing a platform for experimentation, learning, and knowledge exchange. She emphasized the need to move beyond traditional forms of governance and management and embrace new approaches that prioritize collaboration, co-creation, and participation. With a few case studies, Kofler discussed concepts of social participation. For example, the “Unsere + Schule” project shows the involvement of the school community and parents as well as the participation of the local population.
“There is a world in the making, as we speak”, noted Roland Benedikter (UNESCO Chair in Interdisciplinary Anticipation and Global-Local Transformation at the Center for Advanced Studies, Eurac Research) in his presentation on Futures Literacy, which is a specialized educational approach to analyzing future-generating processes. He explained how imagining futures was usually a combination of analytical approaches, personal assumptions, and pieces of information from the present moment, which depended on personal biases and psychological frameworks. Applying futures literacy means going back to the initial combinatory process to analyze why and how specific decisions were taken. This protocol helps individuals and collectives develop future readiness, enhance resilience, and strengthen competence, optimism, and solidarity.
Graphic recording - Day 1
Shared power and power-sharing in the context of South Tyrol
Marc Röggla (Head of the Center for Autonomy Experience, Eurac Research) discussed power-sharing as an institutional design for deeply divided societies. He highlighted the importance of discussing power dynamics in majority-minority conflicts and the increasing diversity of societies. He also distinguished between shared power and power-sharing and explained consociationalism as a form of power-sharing, which can be divided into a liberal and cooperative approach. In the context of South Tyrol, Röggla explained how power-sharing is based on a proportional system, including executive proportionality, public service proportionality, and public funding proportionality. Referring to the participatory processes of citizens, he finishes his presentation with the vital question: How can we transform frustration into positive energy through design?
The connection between design and leadership was addressed by Harald Pechlaner (Head of the Center for Advanced Studies, Eurac Research) in his talk about "Design Strategy versus Strategy Design: Perspectives of Leadership". He mentioned the need for holistic approaches to solving problems of increasing complexity. Pechlaner argued that design thinking provides new ways of understanding complexity and is crucial in fostering resilient and sustainable transformation in complex situations. He connected design thinking to leadership and management and provided valuable insights into how design thinking can be used to develop effective leadership strategies.
In his presentation, Philippe Vandenbroeck (International Futures Forum, London) focused on how humans can develop even more complex solutions to overcome complexity. Vandenbroeck argued that the ability to absorb complexity must be as wide as the environment itself. He used the metaphor of the "nest" to emphasize the interconnectedness of everything in the world. Vandenbroeck emphasized that humans create worlds, and worlds create humans, therefore, the role of design in this process is essential.
The central aspect of the lecture of Sónia Matos (unibz) was the use of Research-through-Design (RtD) to develop socially impactful projects. Matos explained how RtD could be vital in the context of future-oriented sustainable governance and management practices. She also discussed some of the complexities that can arise when using RtD and provided valuable perspectives on the role of design in eco-social transformation and interdisciplinary research.
Jennifer Schubert (Augsburg University of Applied Sciences) explained how experimental participation strategies can enrich formalized policy structures. Schubert argued that experimenting with alternative forms of participation is crucial when dealing with challenges related to transforming rigid structures and imagining just and sustainable future scenarios. She provided insights into how social living labs and public interventions can be used as experimental participation strategies to engage stakeholders in shaping policies that concern and affect them.
It's all about purposeful and responsible design
Roberto Verganti (Stockholm School of Economics) opened the discussion on how design is changing in the face of systematic changes and how it can support the new demand for leadership. Verganti argued that design should be purpose-driven and focus on designing for our better selves. He emphasized the importance of taking responsibility for one's work and highlighted how design can make sense of things and improve an optimistic approach of co-creating.
Alexander Mankowsky's (Mercedes-Benz AG, Berlin) presentation, "Making Use of 'Ideation' - for Addressing Multiple Crises, and for the Elaboration of Entrepreneurial Strategies" focused on how ideation can address multiple crises and develop entrepreneurial strategies. Mankowsky argued that in a poly-crisis, the consequences of the dynamics of the whole are more impactful and worse than those released by the sum of its parts. He proposed different approaches to get through these troubled times and emphasized the importance of collaboration and innovation.
How can design perspectives in destination research lead to a fresh understanding of problems and the elaboration of innovative and participatory solutions was the question posed by Greta Erschbamer (Economist at the Center for Advanced Studies, Eurac Research) in her speech "Design Approaches to Develop Touristic Destinations". She highlighted that traditional methods and instruments of destination management and governance are under scrutiny and need to be reviewed due to changing political, social and technological circumstances. Erschbamer argued that a transdisciplinary approach that combines destination concepts with design research could expand traditional perspectives on tourism destinations.
Overall, the conference “Fit for the Future with Design” provided valuable insights into how design thinking can be used to foster transformation in complex situations. The conference provided a platform for sharing knowledge and experiences and facilitated the development of new ideas and collaborations. The importance of creative and interdisciplinary approaches in addressing complex challenges and creating a more sustainable and equitable future was elaborated and discussed. The speakers offered unique perspectives on design's role in sustainability, leadership and interdisciplinary research, encouraging further discussion and exploration among participants.
Graphic recording - Day 2
Conference report by Chiara Simpson, Paulina Sidney Free Eberhardt, Francesca Stoppa, Yeva Kupchenko, Clara Dorothea Willmann, Anna Maria Schuierer, Maiella Di Donato, elaborated in the context of the Media Studies Course of Prof. Andreas Metzner-Szigeth, supported by Valeria von Miller.
Interview with Sabine Junginger: Design dares to ask dumb questions
Sabine Junginger, Professor of Design and Management at the Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, discusses design in public administration, why it's essential to ask stupid questions, and her "abnormal" CV. She recently spoke at the workshop "Fit for the Future with Design" hosted by the Center for Advanced Studies of Eurac Research and the Faculty of Design and Arts of the Free University of Bolzano.
INTERVIEW IN EN | INTERVIEW IN DE
Interview with Andreas Metzner-Szigeth: Fit for the Future with Design
Wie können öffentliche Verwaltungen und Unternehmen von kreativen Ansätzen profitieren und damit unsere Zukunft besser gestalten? Darüber spricht Andreas Metzner-Szigeth im Interview mit unibz.
INTERVIEW IN DE
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