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mummies

  • 13 October 21

    RESPECT THE EMBARGO (13.10.21 - 17 h): Beer and blue cheese already on the menu 2,700 years ago

    A team of researchers led by Eurac Research and the Natural History Museum Vienna gains unique insights into the history of cheese production and complex dietary habits of prehistoric Europeans by studying human paleofeces from the Hallstatt salt mine.

    We perceive highly processed fermented foods such as beer or cheese primarily as a hallmark of modern times. However historical texts do confirm that milk was fermented in ancient Egypt and, the world's oldest evidence for the actual consumption of blue cheese has now been revealed by a team of researchers. The evidence in question comes from Hallstatt salt mine in Austria in the form of exceptionally well-preserved fecal remains from the Bronze Age to the Baroque period which demonstrate the presence of two fungal species used in the production of blue cheese and beer. The combination of archaeological and molecular analysis has proven particularly fruitful, providing surprising insights both into prehistoric dietary habits and food production. The study results will be published today, October 13, in the renowned journal Current Biology.

    Media Files

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    beer-and-blue-cheese-already-on-the-menu-2-700-years-ago.zip

  • 04 October 21

    Mummy research: Ancient dental calculus - new insights into the evolution of oral microbiota

    A research team from Eurac Research and the University of Trento has examined ancient calculus samples from skeletal remains from South Tyrol and Trentino and discovered previously unknown species of microorganisms

    Plaque – horrible stuff, right? Well yes, but not entirely: old tooth plaque also known as dental calculus samples provide a valuable source of information about our oral microbiota and its development. A team of researchers from Eurac Research and the University of Trento, examined the calculus of twenty human skeletal remains from South Tyrol and Trentino dating from the Neolithic period to the Early Middle Ages. The team discovered two previously unknown species of a common microorganism in our bodies called Methanobrevibacter. Thanks to the application of a bioinformatics method not yet established in mummy research, the research group was also able to reveal that on a temporal axis of 50,000 years, the diversity of this organism in our oral flora has declined sharply in recent centuries. The results of the study have now been published in the renowned journal "Microbiome".

    Media Files

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    mummy-research-ancient-dental-calculus.zip

  • 17 September 21

    Ötzi terrà impegnato ancora a lungo il mondo della ricerca

    30 anni dal ritrovamento: Eurac Research organizza il simposio “Iceman-quo vadis”

    A tre decenni dal suo ritrovamento, molti segreti sull’Uomo venuto dal ghiaccio sono stati risolti: ora sappiamo come e dove visse, come morì, quale fu il suo ultimo pasto, quali malattie lo tormentavano. Il 20 settembre, Eurac Research organizza il convegno digitale “Iceman-quo vadis”. Esperte ed esperti parleranno del potenziale ancora inesplorato della ricerca su Ötzi.

    oetzi-terra-impegnato-ancora-a-lungo-il-mondo-della-ricerca.zip

  • 16 June 21

    A Bologna restauro aperto al pubblico di una mummia egiziana

    Eurac Research ha partecipato al recupero e ha condotto le analisi antropologiche e paleopatologiche

    La mummia umana risale all’VIII-VI secolo a.C. ed è avvolta in un sudario raffinato, probabilmente tinto di rosso in antico. Acquistata dal collezionista e pittore Pelagio Palagi nella prima metà dell’Ottocento, fu a lungo esposta ma da trent’anni era custodita in un deposito del Museo Civico Archeologico di Bologna. Viene ora restaurata e riproposta al pubblico nell’ambito di un progetto di conservazione e valorizzazione promosso insieme con i Musei Civici di Mantova. Gli studi sono affidati a un team interdisciplinare sotto la direzione scientifica dell’Egittologa del Museo di Bologna. Ne fanno parte il Dipartimento di Radiologia dell’IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna e gli studiosi delle mummie di Eurac Research che hanno verificato lo stato di conservazione, determinato sesso, età alla morte, condizioni di salute e tecniche di imbalsamazione. Il restauro dei tessili della mummia si svolgerà da metà giugno e inizi settembre nella Sezione Egiziana di Bologna in una modalità aperta al pubblico.

    restauro-di-una-mummia-egiziana.zip

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