EU Era-Net EVA - Optimization of regional infrastructures for the transition to Electric and Connected Autonomous Vehicles
- Project duration: August 2019 - August 2021
- Project status: finished
- Funding: Societal Challenge (Horizon 2020 /EU funding /Project)
- Total project budget: €621,711.00
- Website: https://evaproject.eu/
The EVA project aims to find innovative solutions to coordinate the territorial infrastructures required for the emerging mainstream
technologies in road mobility: Electric Vehicles (EVs) and Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs). In a local and regional
European context, that aims to a decentralized renewable energy system, the EVA project will explore and assess how: (i)future
diffusion of CAVs would affect urban planning and design, particularly under a sharing economy framework (SAV); (ii) management of
peaks in power demand, due to a wide diffusion of electric mobility in the smart grid system, by exploiting vehicle-to-grid (V2G) and
vehicle-to-home (V2H) power strategies as well as accounting for a decentralized renewable energy production system; (iii) optimize the
EVs charging stations infrastructures bypassing investment in fast obsolescing ones; (iv) define new business models; and (v) define
guidelines to support the regional institutions.
The shift towards electric mobility is paramount to increase sustainability and energy efficiency of passenger road transportation, that
today accounts for half of the energy demand worldwide and 20% of greenhouse gases emissions. Although a sustainable technology
and in rapid growth (in 2017, +54% of sold vehicles than in 2016 [IEA]), electric vehicles (EVs) will face limitations if the electrical grid
infrastructure is not adapted accounting for their upcoming needs. Specifically, low and medium voltage distribution systems are
uncapable to accommodate the high level of demand of the simultaneous charging of many EVs. Solutions traditionally advocated in the
existing literature are charging algorithms to schedule and smooth the total charging demand. Algorithms can be classified in passive
charging, unidirectional smart charging, and bi-directional smart charging [Knezovi?]. Passive charging consists in scheduling the charge
of EVs by exploiting input information from the drivers, like desired charging demand and deadline. They are currently implemented in
private and public charging stations to, e.g., peak-shave the demand, avoid peak electricity tariff, and respect statutory/physical limits on
the power flow at the grid connection point. Unidirectional smart charging schedules the charge by minimizing a cost function (typically
economical), on the basis of, e.g., an incentive signal broadcasted by the operator that reflects the retailing electricity price or states of
grid congestions. Bidirectional smart charging, or vehicle-to-grid (V2G), includes the notion of bidirectional power flow, allowing EVs to
discharge and inject into the power network when necessary. Smart charging is implemented at the level of pilot and demonstration
projects, e.g., [ACES], and have become a key focus for aggregators, which can exploit their inherent flexibility to trade in ancillary
services markets, like primary frequency regulation, reserve markets and for voltage regulation, see e.g. [Knezovic 2014]. Although
essential to peak-shave and schedule charging demand, smart charging strategies might still fail if the total energy demand of EVs is too
high; for this reason, algorithms to determine the most suitable locations in the grid and power capacity ratings of future charging
stations were considered in the existing literature, e.g. [Lin, Awasthi].
The project, in two pilot cases, will test and prove solutions in the view of their scalability and replicability in EU28 countries. The pilots
have been selected for their high investments in e-mobility and willingness to invest in AV in the next years and they have dimensions
manageable by the partnership. Thus, they have been considered the perfect test bed for better understanding specificities that can be
then generalized to the entire European territory.
Manage peaks in power demand, due to a wide diffusion of electric mobility in the smart grid system, by exploiting vehicle-to-grid (V2G)
and vehicle-to-home (V2H) power strategies as well as accounting for a decentralized renewable energy production system;
Assess the impact of bidirectional charging thanks to the data acquired during the experimentation phase.
Understand current and future dynamics of mobility and define their plausibility on the basis of a participatory multicriteria analysis;
Define guidelines to support the regional institutions. Active engagement of local stakeholders and communities will allow highlighting
the pros and cons of different scenarios and favoring later adoption and/or acceptance of the envisioned infrastructure solutions.
Define new business models that will be necessary for the infrastructure in the future;
Help the European economy to be at the forefront of integrating the emerging mainstream technologies in road mobility: Electric Vehicles
(EVs) and Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs).
Scuola universitaria professionale della Svizzera italiana (SUPSI)
EU H2020 4RinEU - Robust and Reliable technology concepts and business models for triggering deep ...Duration: September 2016 - June 2022Funding: Competitive Industries (Horizon ...
EU H2020 REWARDHeat - Renewable and Waste Heat Recovery for Competitive District Heating and Cooling ...Duration: September 2019 - June 2022Funding: Societal Challenge (Horizon 2020 ...
PV IMPACT - Actual execution of the Implementation Plan for Photovoltaics and monitoring the ...Duration: March 2019 - June 2022Funding: Societal Challenge (Horizon 2020 ...
EU FP7 SINFONIA - Smart INitiative of cities Fully cOmmitted to iNvest In Advanced large-scaled ...Duration: May 2014 - June 2022Funding: Cooperation (FP7 /EU funding ...
EU H2020 INFINITE - INDUSTRIALISED DURABLE BUILDING ENVELOPE RETROFITTING BY ALL-IN-ONE ...Duration: October 2020 - June 2022Funding: Competitive Industries (Horizon ...
EU LIFE - LIFE4HeatRecovery - Low Temperature, Urban Waste Heat into District Heating and Cooling ...Duration: June 2018 - June 2022Funding: 2014 - 2020 (Life+ /EU funding ...
EU H2020 EnergyMatching - Adaptable and adaptive RES envelope solutions to maximise energy ...Duration: October 2017 - June 2022Funding: Competitive Industries (Horizon ...
EU H2020 VARICITIES - VISIONARY NATURE BASED ACTIONS FOR HEATH, WELLBEING & RESILIENCE IN CITIESDuration: August 2020 - June 2022Funding: Societal Challenge (Horizon 2020 ...
EU H2020 CULTURAL-E - Climate and cultural based design and market valuable technology solutions for ...Duration: September 2019 - June 2022Funding: Competitive Industries (Horizon ...
EU H2020 TRUST-PV: Increase Friendly Integration of Reliable PV plants considering different market ...Duration: August 2020 - June 2022Funding: Competitive Industries (Horizon ...