5c/2021: Climate change integration in the multilevel governance of Italy and Austria
- Project duration: September 2020 - March 2023
- Project status: Ongoing
- Funding: Provincial P.-L.P. 14. Research projects (Province BZ funding /Project)
- Total project budget: €299,775.96
Climate change “is the epitome of a multilevel governance challenge”. While objectives and framework rules are decided at the international level, the implementation of those same rules requires the adoption of measures at different levels of government, including the subnational level.
This project focusses on subnational governments as central players in the integration of climate change considerations in those policy sectors where they exercise legislative powers. The reasons for this focus relate to three main factors. First, the impacts of climate change are felt most immediately at subnational and local levels, and require policy responses that are closer to citizens. Second, subnational governments hold powers in most of the sectors either impacted by climate change or that directly affect national and international mitigation and adaptation goals, including transport, energy policies (hydroelectric), and spatial planning. Third, there are few comparative studies of climate change integration at the subnational level.
In this context, this comparative project investigates two main research questions:
1) To what extent and by which means have the Autonomous Provinces of Trento and Bolzano in Italy and Länder Tyrol and Vorarlberg in Austria integrated climate policies in sectors where they exercise exclusive and shared legislative powers? The project will concentrate on the following policies: transport, energy and water, and territorial planning.
2) What institutional factors prevent or facilitate climate change integration at the subnational and local levels, in terms of both policy-making and implementation? Five main institutional factors are argued to play potentially decisive roles: 1) coordination among authorities responsible for sectoral policies (horizontal/vertical and formal/informal); 2) public participation; 3) leadership (both political and in the administration); 4) information on climate change (as available for policy-makers, administrators, and the public) and its communication (at what stage and by what means); and 5) dedicated funding.
These research questions will be investigated by an integrated research team composed of experts in law and sociology of law from Eurac Research, the University of Innsbruck and the University of Trento. The main methodology used will be: a) a thorough literature review; b) text analysis of policy documents, strategies, sectoral plans, and interdepartmental arrangements; and c) interviews of both policy officers and main stakeholders.
The project lasts 30 months.
Work Package 1 (months 1-8) is dedicated to preparing the book proposal for an edited volume on the project research results, submitting it to a publisher, and preparing the research. It includes the completion of the literature review, the elaboration of a common methodology including both a method for textual analysis of policy documents and interview data and methods for planning and conducting interviews. An important part of this process will be the organization of training events for pre and post-doc researchers. Work Package 2 (months 9-15) will focus on conducting interviews and compiling data. A second round of interviews will be carried out during months 14-30 if needed. Work Package 3 (months 16-30) will comprise the following: analysis of the data collected and the drafting of book chapters. Work Package 4 (months 16-30) addresses dissemination and includes the identification and compilation of best practices, the drafting of policy recommendations and their dissemination to policy officers, the participation in conferences, the publication of a scientific article and blog posts, and the organisation of a public conference to present the edited volume (see infra section 7).
Five project meetings are foreseen: two in the first year (kick-off in Bolzano and training event in Trento); one in the second year in Bolzano; and two in the last year (one in Innsbruck and one in Bolzano). Additional online meetings will be organised as needed.
University of Innsbruck
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